Christus Triumphans

   In English, Christ Triumphant. A symbolic image, typical of the Maniera Greca style, where Christ is shown alive on the cross to denote that he has triumphed over death. The figure is usually depicted with a serene facial expression and opened eyes directed at the viewer. On the apron, at either side of Christ, the Virgin Mary usually presents her son as the Savior by pointing in his direction and St. John brings his right hand to his head in a traditional gesture of grief. One such Crucifixion type where the artist who rendered it is known by name is Berlinghiero Berlinghieri's example at the Lucca Pinacoteca, which dates to the early 13th century. The type was replaced by the second half of the 13th century with the Christus Patiens Suffering Christ, a change attributed to Franciscan influence.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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